CINE 72-Online Syllabus

Denise Bostrom – Instructor – CINE 72 - ONLINE (Spring 2016 - 37351)
Denise.bostrom@mail.ccsf.edu  
Cinema Dept. Office hours: By appointment - email me

Syllabus & Class Information – CINE 72 - Online

Required Reading for CINE 72:

Writing, Directing and Producing Documentary Films and Videos (4th edition), Alan Rosenthal

Screen Writings: Scripts and Texts by Independent Filmmakers, Scott MacDonald - (purchase used and resell)

How to Write a Documentary Script: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/programme_doc_documentary_script.pdf


FYI: Essential Reading for Continuing Nonfiction Scriptwriters:

An Introduction to - Writing for Electronic Media, Robert B. Musberger

The Scriptwriter’s Handbook: Corporate and Educational Media Writing, Willian J. Van Nostran

Producing with Passion: Making Films that Change the World, Dorothy Fadiman and Tony Levelle

Cinematic Storytelling, Jennifer van Sijll

Bookstore Suggestions:

City College Bookstore: http://www.ccsf.edu/Services/Bookstore/

Chegg – renting and purchasing online textbooks: http://www.chegg.com/

AbeBooks.com: http://www.abebooks.com/?cm_sp=TopNav-_-Home-_-Logo


Class Expectations:

This is a script writing class.  My goals for you include developing stories you’re passionate about, mastering the art and craft of professional script format, and learning to revise to deepen the work. 

Expect to spend about 6-8 hours/week in reading, research, structuring and/or writing your film script.  There are weekly writing assignments and you will deliver EITHER: 3 five-minute nonfiction scripts OR: 1 fifteen-minute nonfiction script as a final project.

Missing class:  this is an online class, which means you may be anywhere with Internet service and participate.  However, if you are ill, or expect to be without Internet service, CONTACT ME.  I’m here to help, but I need a heads-up - 48 hours - in order to assist.

Weekly participation is essential to creating original work + participating in class critiques and discussion.  Participation includes posting assigned work on time.  Each week opens on Monday and ends on the following Tuesday.  10 days to post weekly writing work.

If you plan to travel during the semester, it's not a problem -- you are free to log into class wherever you are.  Keep in mind the course is geared toward weekly participation with your cohorts.  Once a class closes work can no longer be credited.

 Grading:

Weekly posted original writing + visual materials & Critiques of other students' work - 25%

Weekly Discussion Postings based on readings and/or film screenings – 25%

Script Development Postings – 25%

Final scripts: EITHER: 3 short nonfiction scripts (5 minutes each), OR: 1 long script (15 minutes)  – 25%

Student Learning Outcomes for CINE 72 - ONLINE

Assess a nonfiction story idea and evaluate the essential components required to investigate, write and deliver a well-documented script to a targeted audience.

Examine how earlier nonfiction cinema influenced the style, syntax and structure of current nonfiction film trends.

Critique a draft of a script and propose in-depth suggestions on further research needs, content development and story structure, as well as employ professional nonfiction scriptwriting format

Analyze and criticize diverse nonfiction script styles, with specific attention to content development, story structure, and cinematic grammar.

Weekly Assignments:

 Week 1 - Overview – Early Nonfiction Filmmakers: The Emergence of Nonfiction Cinema

The emergence of American nonfiction cinema coincided with technological, economic, social, and cultural changes at the turn of the 19th century into the 20th century.

 

Task 1: Readings

Read Rosenthal’s chapters 1 – Introduction (pages 1-5) & 2  - Clearing the Decks (pages 9 – 18)

Task 2: Visit web sites this week:

Early films: Watch at least 2 film clips listed in class site.

Task 3:

Discussion Forum #1 (respond to one  -- or more of your fellow student's forums). Introduce yourself: your writing experience and plans for taking the class.

Task 4:

Discussion Forum #2 (respond to fellow student's forums, too). What film clips did you view? What first struck you about each clip: its historical content, social, or cultural? If you were a filmmaker at that time, what else would you have filmed? What more did you want to see?

Task 5: Preview for Week 2

Think about two story ideas you want to develop for a “How To” Film.

Watch posted "how to" films.


Week 2 Overview – Beginning  an Educational or  “How To” Film

Nonfiction and fiction filmmaking conform to cinematic grammar: narrative coherence, identified characters with clear goals, and a specific style and genre.


Task 1: Readings - Rosenthal, chapter 3 - Getting to Work (pages 19 – 32) 

Task 2: FYI: Research these web sites

·      Short Film Ideas: http://www.shortfilmidea.com/

·      Formatting two column scripts: http://www.ehow.com/info_12218499_standard-av-script-format.html

 

Task 3: Script Reading: Read the attached script – posted on Cine 72 class web site

Note:  “video” – what is seen - is written in the left column

“audio” – what is heard: narration, dialogue, sound effects, music, etc. is on the right column

 

Task 4:  Writing #1 

Write the story idea you want to develop for your first short or longer film in 4 sentences:

Sentence 1: What does your film teach us, or what information does it present?

Sentence 2: What is a key problem in learning the topic?

Sentence 3: What don’t you know about the content and have to research?

Sentence 4: What are some visual ways you will convey the information?


Task 5: Writing #2 – 

Write the first 2 scenes 


Week 3 – Overview – Research Rocks:

What do you know about the content of your film idea?  What don’t you know about it?


Task 1: Readings

-       Rosenthal, Chapter 5 – Research (pages 56 – 64)

-       Resources for researching documentary films: http://nyu.libguides.com/DocumentaryFilm

Task 2:  View 2 Film Clips from any of these sites:

Newseum: http://www.newseum.org/digital-classroom/video/default.aspx 

Watch the film, “Hobbies” on the site, Shooting People: https://shootingpeople.org/watch/98404/Hobbies

Trailers, International Documentary Association: http://www.documentary.org/videos

Task 3: Discussion Forum #2 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)

Brain-storming a Research Plan for your story 

a. List all the Primary, Secondary and Tertiary items of research you would like to use

b. Who are the proposed experts you will include?

c. What do you know about your subject and what must you research?

Task 4: Discussion Forum #3 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Learning to Structure Your Nonfiction Story


Week 4 – - Overview – Story Structure Sets up a Good Film:

Task 1: Readings

-       Rosenthal, Chapter 4 – Writing the proposal (pages 33 – 55) – this is an FYI chapter.  We will not cover proposal writing in depth.

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1: View 2 clips in any of these sites (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)


10 Tips for Creating Better Movies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PSZxt1Ug0M

Why we should hire you: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLdboEjNSdM

Simplest Card Move (Scam School): http://www.metacafe.com/watch/10751238/simplest_card_move_fools_everyone_scam_school/


Task 3: Research web sites – writing a funny script

-       How to Make a Funny Movie: http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Funny-Movie-Spoof

-       How to Write a Funny Script: http://www.ehow.com/how_4449386_write-funny-script.html 

-       How to Write an Exciting Interview: http://www.awaionline.com/2008/10/how-to-write-an-exciting-interview/

 

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2: List two people you want to interview


Task 5: Discussion Forum #3 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Bring in a revised version of your script: revised scenes + 1-2 new scenes.  Also post the last draft of your script


Week 5 – Overview: Revisiting Levels of conflict and the levels of research:

Task 1: Readings

-       Rosenthal, Chapter 6 – Shaping the film (pages 65 – 89)

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1: View A Film Clip boys double-dutch

How to jump Double Dutch Rope: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0a3jbQ5Edvo (Respond to one of your fellow student's forums, too)

Task 3: Research web sites – the setting of a film

What makes a good location: http://www.dvxuser.com/V6/showthread.php?240189-What- makes-a-location-quot-good-quot

What makes a good short film: http://www.bbc.co.uk/filmnetwork/filmmaking/guide/introduction/what-makes-a-good-short 

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Watch the short film, “How to find a dream job,” 

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Discuss both the External environment of the film (what we see) & the Internal Environment of the Primary subject (health & psychology - what we can infer)


Week 6  -  Overview – Opposing Points of View

“Is there a good argument going on?  It all starts with a fight or disagreement.” – John Guare, playwright


Task 1: Readings

-       Read: Rosenthal’s chapter 7 - Beginning the first draft, pages 65 - 89

Task 2: Discussion Forum #1: View A Film Clip (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)

Making Good Ideas Infectious: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2Hs37BctiA


Task 3: Research web sites – Conflict is essential in stories: conflict builds a story

-       Dramatic Conflict: http://www.vcu.edu/arts/playwriting/conflict.html

-       Documentary Storytelling: The Drama of Real Life: http://www.writersstore.com/documentary-storytelling-the-drama-of-real-life/

-       Conflict is a Writer’s Best Friend: http://www.plotsinc.com/sitenew/column_art_13.html

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Watch the Film Clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMDgoQNIjZA

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

Post your revised “How To” script, and also post the last revision.  And reflecting on this first script writing process so far:


Week 7 –  - Overview – Section 2: Opposing Points of View in Memoir/Experimental Films

Task 1: Readings

Read MacDonald’s Screen Writings, Introduction, pages 1 - 14

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1: View A Film Clip (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)

Here’s a lovely memoir film that some refer to as a documentary, others call it a memoir, and still others say it’s a hybrid of memoir/documentary. You can see how these definitions blur into one another.  Regardless, the film is about personal change.

Here’s the film clip: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/25/opinion/the-caretaker.html?_r=0

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       Tips on how to write a memoir: http://www.rd.com/advice/great-tips-on-how-to-write-your-memoir/

Memoir film -

-       Mr. Wright’s Creative Writing Six-Word Memoir Film 2012: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rf0v43FHG6w

Experimental films -

-       OffOn, Scott Bartlett: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEr9Z7Q4ZxY

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 


Task 5: Discussion Forum #3 (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)


Go for it and write a possible scene you may use.  Any scene.  it may not end-up in the script and may not even be the idea you end up developing: the task here is to stay loose and write a random memoir scene.  (In 2-column format)


Week 8 – Research + Plan Your Memoir or Experimental Script

Task 1: Readings

-       Read MacDonald’s chapter Yoko Ono & her mini film scripts, pages 15 - 30

Task 2:  Writing #1 – Environments in Your Memoir/Experimental Script: Choose 2 Film Clips of Yoko Ono:  

 

Yoko Ono’s Performance film in 1965, Cut Piece: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Sc47KfJjcI

 

Yoko Ono and John Lennon interviewed on David Frost, July 10, 1969: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYbRdlt2BMA

 

Yoko Ono’s 1985 music video, Hell in Paradise: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sSQOTrJ0EJ4

 

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       Discussion on Yoko Ono’s performance piece: Cut Piece: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zfe2qhI5Ix4

-       Short history of Experimental Film: http://nofilmschool.com/2013/09/brief-history-experimental-cinema/

-       Research your memoir: mining memories: http://writeyourbookinsixmonths.com/begin-your-memoir-by-mining-your-memories/

-       The hybrid content of memoir: http://www.solsticelitmag.org/content/memory-fact-imagination-research-memoirs-hybrid-personality/


Task 4: Discussion Forum #2: Researching your memoir/experimental film (Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too)

Watch 1 or 2 scenes of these very different films and consider the levels of research (primary, secondary & tertiary) that went into making them:

Aboriginal Dreamtime Story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sle62XV0BO0

Experimental Film (mid 1940s), The Private Life of a Cat (Maya Deren & Alexander Hammid): http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2013/04/this-is-the-best-experimental-film-about-cats-ever-made/275231/

Task 5: Writing #3: Continue Your Content Outline 

Short film: After the story point, Inciting Incident, that starts your script -


Week 9 – Overview – Section 2: Stories are about confronting conflict:

Memoir’s conflict arises between characters: a protagonist and antagonist and/or antagonizing characters

Experimental film’s conflict arises within its cinematic grammar: light, texture, pacing, sound, and movement.

Task 1: Readings

-       Read MacDonald’s chapter: Laura Mulvey/Peter Wollen, Riddles of a Sphinx, pgs 94 - 114

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1: Increased conflict in Act Two and what is the Midpoint? –

You are going to watch a 3 short film clips and you’re asked to:

1.     Define the levels of conflict in each clip

2.     Track how the conflict intensifies

3.     Continue your Scene Outline: Complete the first part of Act 2 and the Mid point

 

This first clip takes some well known narrative Hollywood films and gives three examples of the “male gaze,” as experimental filmmaker and writer, Laura Mulvey wrote about in her article, Visual Pleasures and Narrative Cinema – here’s the clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QUcvlJmCVcI

 

The second clip, Grounded by Reality, is a hybrid of memoir and documentary, and the conflicts are immediately seen and understood: http://video.pbs.org/video/2341022587

 

This last clip, Nostalgia for the Light: http://video.pbs.org/video/2296521411, features a sister talking about finding traces of her brother from having “disappeared” in Pinochet’s dirty war. 

 

You will also develop the conflict in your 2nd script and continue the Scene Outline in Act Two and the Mid-point of your story.

Task 4: Research web sites –

-       Further discussion and clarification on Mulvey’s The Male Gaze: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYhaRcfCEkI

-       The male gaze versus the female gaze: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ydz6aEVFy_c

-       That “mid point thing,” http://thestorydepartment.blogspot.com/2007/03/that-mid-point-thing.html

Task 5:
Discussion Forum #2 - Researching your memoir/experimental film 

1.     Choose 2 people to interview

2.     List your interview questions + post

Task 6: Discussion Forum #3: Continue Your Memoir or Experimental Script

(Respond to at least one of your fellow student's forums, too) 

1. Post revised Memoir or experimental script + 2 new scenes  

1A. Post revised Longer script + 2 new scenes


Week 10 – Considering Cinematic Elements: Showing conflict + subtext

Task 1: Readings

-       Read MacDonald’s chapter Trinh T. Minh-ha, pages 190 - 224

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1 – Shaping and Deconstructing Content – due 10/27

Watch Trinh T. Minh-ha’s lauded first film, which is considered a hybrid of experimental and ethnographic styles, Reassemblage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cc5G2-rTKis

 

Address how might you add other cinematic elements to your work? 

1.     Re-shape & deconstruct some of the content to create a more intense feeling in the story? 

2.     Integrating content and form: linear versus nonlinear story lines, such as adding flashbacks, or a recurring dream?

3.     Merging cinematic technique and time: Perhaps certain scenes are repeated, but edited differently, showing different points of view?  

4.     Story-boarding your script or Scene Outline to reconsider its visual grammar

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       Trinh T. Minh-ha is interviewed last year: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ADtmeCFcBFk

-       What happens in Act Two: http://www.cod.edu/people/faculty/pruter/film/act2.htm

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2 – due 10/27: Orchestration of characters  + the Wise Person  

Read this site on writing subtext and then continue below: http://indiefilmclubmiami.com/indie-tips/

In taking stock of different characters who may be in your memoir + longer film, consider these ideas:

-       Each character has his/her own desires, needs and relationship with the protagonist

-       Each character has his/her own contradictions

-       As conflict develops, characters react differently and against one another.

Now answer:

1.     Who are some characters you may include and what is their relationship to the Protagonist, Antagonist, and one another.

2.     How have they reacted to set-backs and disappointments?

3.     What are their contradictions and how have they changed in your time knowing them?

Consider the role of the Wise Person, or Truth-teller, in your memoir and longer film:

1.     Who might this person be in your story? 

2.     The Wise Person tells the truth to the Protagonist, so it’s not the Protagonist.  And the Wise Person may tell the truth lovingly, or spitefully.  So the Wise Person is not necessarily a friend.

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3: Reconsidering Your Midpoint – due 10/27

Read this short and punchy essay, Short Films Need Big Ideas, about short films: http://howmovieswork.com/tag/short-films/

Memoir + Longer Scriptwriters: Reconsider your mid-point and answer these questions:

1.     What happens in your story’s midpoint?

2.     When does the goal or dream begin to fall apart -- before the mid point?

3.     What pushes the whole effort to finally collapse?  

4.     What else is falling apart in your Protagonist’s life?


Week 11: After the midpoint, the second half of Act Two

Task 1: Readings

-       Read MacDonald’s chapter Hollis Frampton (text of Poetic Justice), pages 70 - 90

Task 2:  – Discussion Forum #1 - the Obligatory Scene – due 11/3

Read what these two websites have to say about an Obligatory Scene:

The obligatory scene – Steven Pressfield combines “Crisis” and “Climax,” but it’s semantics, it’s a good read: http://www.stevenpressfield.com/2011/02/the-obligatory-scene/

A melodramatic description of an Obligatory Scene, and again combining Crisis and Climax, but it’s another point of view: http://dorothylovebooks.com/2012/02/18/writing-your-obligatory-scene/

1.     Continue your Content Outline up to the End of Act Two – Crisis (part of the Obligatory Scene)

 

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       Nostalgia, an extremely interesting experimental film by Hollis Frampton: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=voMDL1TgTh4

-       Hollis Frampton’s sardonic take on educational films: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ovbUqP23VZ0

 

-       Short blog on personal memoir films: http://personalmemoirfilms.net/

 

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2 - Emotions into Images – due 11/3

Watch these three evocative hybrid memoir/experimental film clips:

Crooked Beauty Trailer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgAaIBlq-cs

Gravity, a poetic documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-pA33mf6ouw

Basketball, a poetic documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_Cpr5rsDto

 And now list

1.     Some added ideas these shorts may have given you, or prompted you to consider adding to your memoir script, or longer film. 

2.     You may also post photos, or drawings, or a collage

Task 5: Forum #3 - Revise + continue your Memoir, Experimental or Longer Script – due 11/3

Consider the experimental filmmaker, Hollis Frampton’s, perspective and read both the links, a bio and essay on his film, Poetic Justice

Hollis Frampton Bio: http://hollisframpton.org.uk/bio.htm

An essay on Hollis Frampton’s experimental film, Poetic Justice: http://retentionalfinitude.blogspot.com/2010/09/hollis-frampton-poetic-justice-1972.html

Now watch at least the first 10 minutes of Poetic Justice, as it asks viewers to consider the “truth” of images we see in film: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ao70icgZwqM

The film also asks us to reconsider our own “truths” that we feel so certain about. 

Then complete:

1.     What are some “truths” you’ve held as being “right” and have found to not be as “true” as you once thought?

2.     Your revised script and 3 new scenes: post both versions


Week 12 - Crisis, Climax & Resolution

Task 1: Readings

-       Read Rosenthal chapter 8 (Completing the first draft), pages 103 - 128

Task 2:  – Discussion Forum #1: Three Act Structural Synopsis  - due 11/17 (2 weeks for this)

You will watch an entire feature documentary, Born into Brothels

Born into Brothels: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kyXFr2g1x8

Released in 2004, it won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. 

 

This assignment is tricky, as you will complete a three act Structural Synopsis.  You haven’t been asked to look at an entire feature film, but it’s a good way to practice breaking a longer story into it’s story points and three-act structure.

 

Once you watch the film, and you may watch it more than once, address these questions:

 

1.     The protagonist – or protagonists

2.     Antagonist – or antagonists

3.     The Wise Person

4.     Inciting Incident (story point that occurs within the first 15 minutes of a feature film)

5.     List the levels of conflict for the protagonist(s)

6.     End of Act One (around minute 30 in a feature)

7.     Act Two – Intensifying levels of conflicts that were introduced in Act One

8.     Mid-point – all is lost, or will never work, or is hopeless (around minute 60 in a feature)

9.     Intensifying levels of conflicts

10.  End of Act Two: Crisis – (Obligatory Scene)

11.  Act Three – Climax (continuing Obligatory Scene)

12.  Resolution

 

Task 3: Research web sites –


-       An engaging article on the science of nostalgia, and how it’s good to indulge in nostalgia: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/09/science/what-is-nostalgia-good-for-quite-a-bit-research-shows.html?_r=0


-       An amazing collective of filmmakers, who began distributing their films in the 70s, New Day Films: http://www.newday.com/


-       A site devoted to story-telling: http://www.firstpersonarts.org/

 

Task 4: Forum #2: Complete Content Outline for your Memoir or Longer Script – due 11/10

Look over these sites on story structure and, in particular, the key story points signifying the end of Act Two and Act Three: Crisis, Climax and Resolution.

This is an interesting synopsis of a Master Story Class at Pixar: http://www.third-helix.com/2011/07/pixar-story-masterclass/

Here’s what Game Designers say about three-act structure: http://digitalworlds.wordpress.com/2008/04/07/story-arcs-and-the-three-act-structure/

Here’s three-act structure boiled down to its essential elements in children’s books: http://www.best-childrens-books.com/story-structure.html

Your task is to complete

1.     The three act Structure Outline of your memoir or longer film

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3 – An ideas for a Documentary Script – due 11/10

Next week, Week 13, signifies the last nonfiction genre covered, the documentary script. 

The same principles of research, characters, story structure, and format apply, but documentaries combine the human elements of memoir with the factual information of educational films.  However, docs vary in style and content, as you found in watching Born into Brothels.

To get started, while you may have many ideas for a doc at this point, look over these sites:

This is kind of a staid site that’s all about developing ideas for a doc: http://www.desktop-documentaries.com/documentary-ideas.html

For grand inspiration, check out the fine and varied work on PBS’s POV site: http://www.pbs.org/pov/

You will list:

1.     An idea you have for a documentary script


Week 13 - Overview: Writing a short documentary script

Task 1: Readings

Begin with this excellent monograph, How to Write a Documentary Script, by Trisha Das. 

Read pages 1 – 13, which give you an overview of writing docs, and introduces researching a script idea: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/programme_doc_documentary_script.pdf

Read Rosenthal chapter 9 (Budget & Contract) 129 – 145 – great for background info

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1 –  Researching your doc script – due 11/17

In addition to Trisha Das’ monograph and Rosenthal’s chapter on research (pages 56 – 64), look over these sites on researching your idea:

 

Read how different students at the International Centre for Documentary and Experimental Film in the U. of Westminster research their films: http://www.docwest.co.uk/research-students/

 

How students at the U. of Georgia researched the docs, Foot Soldier for Equal Justice, and Hamilton Earl Holmes, the Legacy Continues: http://footsoldier.uga.edu/research/films.html

 

Doc script writers and Longer film writers - answer these Research Questions:

1.     What do you know about the selected doc idea?

2.     What you don’t know?

3.     Why did you choose this idea?

4.     What are the Primary sources to research: interviews, site visits, diaries, archival, etc.?

5.     What are the Secondary sources: second-degree accounts, newspapers, etc.?

6.     What are the Tertiary sources: books, magazines, scholars, films, etc.?

7.     Any consultants, experts and advisors to also interview?

NOTE:  There is no time left in the semester for you to pursue all these sources, but it’s great practice to know how to thoroughly research an idea, so your scripts will be original, engaging and make smart films.

 

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       Using documentary filmmaking as a research tool: http://www.academia.edu/1166130/Framing_representations_Documentary_filmmaking_as_research_inquiry

 

-       A very sad news item on a doc filmmaker who dies engaged in making his film – which is to say, read this and take the advice of always having a buddy along when you film: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/topics/weather/9974349/Two-arrested-after-film-maker-researching-homelessness-documentary-is-found-dead.html

 

-       A great site with exhaustive links to creating a Study Guide to your doc: http://www.der.org/resources/

 

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2:  Compelling Characters Make a Doc Film

Look over these sites regarding considering characters to include for your script:

Creative treatment of life: http://www.scribd.com/doc/34008021/Introduction-to-Documentary

A good magazine, Videomaker, offers basic, but essential tips on interviewing folks: http://www.videomaker.com/article/14239-documentary-interview-tips

A rather basic, but also nuts & bolts site on documentary tips that include considering your characters: http://script-doctor.tumblr.com/decisontips

Then address these questions for your doc or longer script:

1.     How does your story idea combine interesting characters with a problem in their lives and a larger social issue?

2.     Why would we be drawn to these characters and the larger social issue?

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3: Structural Synopsis for Act One

(Respond to your fellow student’s work too)

You don’t know a lot about your idea yet, but once you begin to brainstorm and do some research, complete Act One of your Content Outline, knowing that this will change.

For some ideas on style and types of research, check out the short docs on the NY Times' site:  http://www.nytimes.com/video/op-docs/

Then complete:

1. Act One Content Outline of your documentary

2. Or - post your continued Content Outline of your developing script


Week 14 – Overview: Writing a short documentary script

Task 1: Readings

Continuing with How to Write a Documentary Script, read pages 16 – 37: Essential Script Elements, which offers a good summary of different visual and sound elements to consider in your script:

http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/programme_doc_documentary_script.pdf

Rosenthal’s chapter 5 – Research (review): pages 56 - 64 & chapter 10 - Preproduction 146 - 164

 

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1 – Difficult content + Structuring a doc script

(Respond to your fellow student’s work too)
You will watch the feature length documentary, Two American Families, and consider the film’s Act 1 and 2 structure, as well discuss your favorite scene or scenes in the film: http://video.pbs.org/video/2365042061/

And after you have watched the film, answer these questions:

  1. As a savvy movie-goer, what story elements and/or characters surprised you in the documentary?

  2. What scenes were uncomfortable to watch and what made them so?

  3. What is the Inciting Incident of the story?

  4. What are the levels of conflict in Act One?

  5. How does Act One end?

  6. How do the levels of conflict intensify in Act Two?

  7. What was the Mid-point, when things fell apart?

Task 3: Research web sites –

-       A wonderful organization for doc filmmakers - International Documentary Association (IDA) - www.documentary.org

-       A great news service and potential source for research for your film ideas, the Center for Investigatory Reporting (CIR): http://cironline.org/


-       Terrific public news service and another source of reserach: ProPublica: http://www.propublica.org/

 

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2: Consider subjects for your script(Respond to your fellow student’s work too)

Read Rosenthal’s chapter 12, Directing the Interview: pages 177 – 192

And read over the PR and look at the film clips of the award-winning film, The Island Presidenthttp://www.pbs.org/independentlens/island-president/

And for some background, here's an interview with the film's director, Jon Shenk: http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/blog/director-jon-shenk-on-his-love-for-the-maldives-public-television-and-pizza

  Wk14-PresidentNasheed

And answer these questions on your developing film:

1. Considering that a story such as, The Island President, continues to be unfolding, what elements of your story are also unfolding?  

2. What character(s) in your documentary will allow you to investigate the ongoing story?

3. What knowledge and/or expertise do they offer that can help push the story?

4. What character(s) might try to impede your investigation? 

5. How might you continue to work with this character(s) to include his/her perspective?  

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3: The first scenes of your doc script

(Respond to your fellow student’s work too)

20 Feet From Stardom - won an Academy Award as Best Documentary.  It's a strong doc, but could have had a scene or two cut in Act Two and it would have been stronger.  

Here's a link to some of the key points and scenes in the film, FYI: http://www.buzzfeed.com/kaylayandoli/everything-you-can-learn-from-the-newest-oscar-win-cqn5

Consider watching the whole film, as there are some excellent scenes and music in it.  

What elements of the film worked for you and would you consider using any of them in your documentary?

Write and post the opening 2-3 scenes of your documentary script.

Week 15 – Uncovering layers of conflict + finding wisdom in your documentary script

Task 1: Readings

Continue with the monograph, How to Write a Documentary Script: Putting a Script Together: 38 - 46

http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/programme_doc_documentary_script.pdf

Rosenthal’s chapter 11, The Director Prepares

Task2:  Discussion Forum #1 –  Plotting your story: Act Two + Act Three – due 12/1

Watch the acclaimed and amazing documentary made in 1994, Hoop Dreams:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMyvImhdBB8

Check out the website of the indie production company, Kartemquin Films: http://www.kartemquin.com/films/hoop-dreams

After you’ve wiped your tears and gathered yourself, write out a Structural Outlines:

1.     Three acts for Hoop Dreams

Task 3: Research web sites –

The Big List-- This week is dedicated to doc filmmakers and distributors who make films that look at personal and important issues that matter to many:


-       Producer - Kartemquin Films: http://www.kartemquin.com/about

-       Producer – Independent Feature Project: http://www.ifp.org/

-       Producer: Film Independent: http://www.filmindependent.org/

-       Producing + Distribution: Third World Newsreel: http://www.twn.org/

-       Distributor – Women Make Movies, Inc.: http://www.wmm.com/

-       Distributor – New Day Films: http://www.newday.com/

-       Distributor – California Newsreel: http://newsreel.org/

-       Film Support: Pacific Arts Movement: http://pac-arts.org/about/history/

-       San Francisco Film Society: http://www.sffs.org/filmmaker360

-       Film Support: Black Association of Filmmakers West: http://www.badwest.org/

-       Film Support: International Documentary Association: http://www.documentary.org/

-       Film Support: Independent Film Alliance: http://www.ifta-online.org/

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2: External and Internal Story Environments:(Respond to your fellow student’s work too)

Watch two of the excellent short docs on this Vimeo site: https://vimeo.com/channels/documentaryfilm

After watching two, answer these questions: guyonahoop

  1. What films did you watch?

  2. How did the environments in each film contribute to the story's: development of conflict, emotional arc, and overall theme?

  3. List some environments you’re considering in your film. Post photos if possible.

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3: An unexpected scene in your doc script.  (Respond to your fellow student’s work too)

Post an unexpected scene that might be included CancerSurvivors


Week 16 – Different environments in your documentary

A film’s environments are key to showing conflict, as well as subtext by revealing the conditions of peoples’ lives: their homes, work places, areas of relaxation, community and public squares, places of commerce and spiritual spaces – to list a few. 

Environments define class, gender, culture, education, age, hopes, dreams and personalities.

Task 1: Readings

Continuing with the excellent online monograph, How to Write a Documentary Script, Trisha Das, Read pages: Writing a Great Script, pages 47 – 50. 

NOTE: Das’ last chapter on script format is not an industry standard; Typically, audio is contained in the same column, so look over her format suggestions in the last chapter with this in mind. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/programme_doc_documentary_script.pdf

Rosenthal’s chapter 17 - Making Your First Film

Task 2:  Discussion Forum #1 –  Writing + additional research for film 

Stories are not written in one sitting, nor are they researched in a weekend, or even one month.  Rewriting and research occur right up to the when picture is “locked” and the sound is mixed.    

Watch the amazing Errol Morris film, The Thin Blue Line: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUJfrW1hNBk

And now reflect on the film you watched and your own script and address these questions:

1.     In The Thin Blue Line, what other primary person would you have interviewed and why?

2.     What other secondary person, or resource would you have included in the story and why?

3.     What other tertiary person, environment, or cultural reference would you have included and why?

4.     And in your film script, what other primary person do you feel you should include?

5.     What other secondary person should you include?

6.     What other tertiary person, or environment, or cultural reference should you include?

Task 3: FYI: Research web sites –

Cool info sites:

-       Creative cow offers a mix of interesting and informative links to filmmakers and artists: http://library.creativecow.net/

-       A great magazine on the art and politics of cinema, Cineaste: http://www.cineaste.com/

-       Leftlion, a provocative online site from England that looks at all kinds of cultural events, including film: http://www.leftlion.co.uk/screen/features/

-       Indiewire – kind of commercial for bearing this title, but you can find some interesting articles among the fluff: http://www.indiewire.com/

Task 4: Discussion Forum #2:  Story Structure  

You will visit the POV site at PBS and watch one of the streaming films for the week: http://www.pbs.org/pov/

After you have watched the film, answer these questions:

1.     What film did you watch?

2.     What was the Inciting Incident of the film and what was the “Obligatory Scene,” the Crisis and Climax?  In other words, how well did the film set up the Inciting Incident and then pay it off?

3.     Who was the protagonist(s)?  The antagonist(s)? 

Task 5: Discussion Forum #3: Photos of your environments 

Post photos of the environments of your doc or longer film

1.     Be sure to identify each location

Task 6: It’s a wrap

Continue your scripts!  See you in another Cinema class! 


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Denise Nicole Bostrom,
Jul 30, 2013, 12:54 PM
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